One popular way of garden irrigation is using drip systems. A drip system is an irrigation method that saves water and fertilizer by allowing water to drip slowly to the roots of plants, either onto the soil surface or directly onto the root zone, through a network of valves, pipes, tubing and emitters. Drip systems take the form of tubes or hoses with small hoses through which water literally drips straight into the soil. Any soil that is not meant to be irrigated practically remains dry, which inhibits the growth of destructive weeds. Another advantage of the drip system is that it is barely noticeable, as they can easily be concealed. But this leads to the problem of not being able to water the leaves, which may be an issue depending on the species of plant.
A drip irrigation system can be hooked up to a watering clock, or electric timer, that will allow it to release water at present times or intervals. The better watering clocks are able to control more than one system so that different areas of the garden can be put on different watering intervals, according to their needs.
Most drip irrigation systems employ some type of filter to prevent clogging of the small emitter flow path by small waterborne particles. New technologies minimize clogging. But some drip systems are installed without additional filters as potable water has already been filtered at the water treatment plant, but is strongly recommended to have filters.
To install a drip irrigation system you'll need a tape measure, graph paper and the drip irrigation kit. First, you have to measure your garden area and draw a plan of your garden on the graph paper. Also on the graph paper draw how you want your system to run through your garden. After you finish this part you can start installing the system starting from the faucet, preferably before you planted any flowers or vegetables in your garden. You have to make sure you fixed the hose into the ground, to prevent shifting. Now you can install the timer to your system, between the faucet and the irrigation hose, and attach the hose to the faucet. Now you can start watering your garden.