Everything you need to know about sprinkler systems

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Sprinklers are a type of irrigation used on many types of terrain, from farms to golf courses and yards, as well as a cooling system or to keep down the amount of airborne dust. A sprinkler system transports water to your garden via an underground pipe system and the water pressure is determined by how much water is being used inside your home at the same time. A sprinkler system requires the most effort for installation.

Sprinklers can be automatic or manual, but the basic function remains the same. Manual sprinklers can work for small areas of a garden, but the disadvantage is that they might soak the leaves of the plants, which can cause fungal disease. More over, the water coming from this type of sprinkler may evaporate before reaching the ground. Automatic sprinklers are impulse ones, which fire powerful jets of water in a circle, or oscillating sprinklers, which have curved arms that rock back and forth and spread water.  Other types of sprinklers are the static ones that distribute water in the same amount that cover up to 11 m across or rotary ones that have two or three rotating arms, which produce a circular spray of fine water droplets up to 13.5 m across. You can also choose an underground sprinkler system, in which case the sprinkler heads go up only when watering, then return underground. These systems are usually set up on timers to water at the most opportune times of the day.

To install a sprinkler system you first need to mark the lawn in the spots where the pipes will need to be installed. Distance depends on the water pressure and on the risers you use. Dig up the parts where the pipes are going to be and try to keep the sod intact when removing so it can be put back after. Put the PVC pipes in the sections you dug out and connect them using couplers. The number of pipe valves you are going to install in each section depends on the size of your lawn. At the end you can install the timer close to the main water line and make all the necessary connections.

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