A very interesting fact: most of the grasses that you see around lawns all over the US aren't even native to this area. Many have been brought in from other parts of the world and as far as it goes, many that you see even still further were crossbred to create the green, lush lawns you see all over America. There are, however, two main types of grass: cool season and warm season. With the cool season grasses, if where you live sees some warm to hot summers but very cold winters, grasses in this type are usually best. As to warm season types, these are the kinds that you typically see thriving in the south.
Warm Season Grasses:
The best choices for lawns in the southern parts of the country are known as warm season grasses: zoysia, st. augustine, bahia, buffalo, centapede, bermuda and carpet are all well known great choices as hardy, well adjusted grasses for areas where the summers are typically very hot, and the winters are warm or mild. Usually, the best way to start these grasses is with sod or plugs, as this gives them a sort of head start that can enable them to take root much faster and stronger than if seeded. Bermuda grass is one that is often chosen because it grows very quickly and is extremely durable, able to withstand quite a lot in the way of weather. Zoysia is also very popular but can sometimes have some issues with its recovery rate, more slowly coming out of dormant periods than other grasses.
Cool Season Grasses
The best options for people who do live in the more northern part of the nation or the Midwest are: red fescue, bluegrass, ryegrass and bentgrass. Occasionally, zoysia, tall fescue and thermal blue are used, as well, depending on the location but for the most part- these are the types you'll be seeing. Bluegrasses are actually one of the best turf materials around as far as it goes, and ryegrass is not all that far behind. Bluegrass actually named for the color of the head of the seed and not the leaf color, is also known as smooth meadow grass or Kentucky blue grass. It is best in well drained soils and is very durable. Ryegrass is extremely popular also, as it is easy to care for yet has a dramatic beauty about it. Needing relatively little maintenance and yet still showing a velvety, smooth bright green leaves, this is one that most opt for.
As you can see, there are a lot of choices out there for anyone looking to change their lawn or for a new homeowner wondering what sort of grass they should have. Making sure that the sort of grass you seed or lay sod down for corresponds to your zone and climate is usually best. This can enable you to get a good start on an absolutely fantastic lawn that will have you feeling good about it for years and years down the line.