St Augustine Sod Varieties
Maintenance of Floratam:
- Needs plenty of direct sunlight, a minimum of six hours or more per day
- Needs to be watered a minimum of twice per week in the hot growing season (at ¾”- 1” of water per
- Best maintained with a standard rotary mower cutting no more than ⅓” off per cut, requiring mowing
approximately 42 – 46 times per calendar year
Regular pesticides, herbicides, and fertilizers are required to keep this type of sod up to par.
Pests & disease considerations:
- Watch closely for sod webworms and chinch bugs
- Look for signs of fungus
Keep your fertilization and irrigation on schedule for many years of enjoyable turf for your home or
This St. Augustine variety earned its name due to the bluish-green coloration of the blades.
Bitter Blue has a slightly narrower blade than the Floratam. If installed next to Floratam you can see the
difference in the shades of color. When installed alone, many people will mistake the Bitter Blue for the more
Bitter Blue is considered a shade grass, needing four hours of sunlight or more per day. Bitter Blue will grow in
direct sunlight as well.
Seville is a St. Augustine grass that has a narrower blade than Floratam or Bitter Blue. It requires the same
Characteristics of Seville:
- Dark green in color
- A shade grass
- Grows slower than Floratam or Bitter Blue
- Shade tolerant – accepts only 2 hours of sunlight per day
- Can be cut as low as 3” and as high as 3.5” to achieve maximum health
- Fungus can be a major concern in very wet areas
- After 4-5 years, tends to build up thatch when planted in direct sunlight
A note on shade grasses
We strongly recommend installing any shade grass during the fall, winter, or spring. Those planted in the summer
risk getting heavy rainfall, which can lead to root rot.
Root rot happens when heavy rains soak newly planted sod, which aren’t able to dry for days at a time because it
is planted in the shade. Unfortunately, root rot is the one thing we are unable to cover under warranty as it is
considered “circumstances beyond our control.”
We always try to steer customers away from summer sod installations beneath heavily shaded areas. We advise
property owners to wait until the fall, as we want all of our customers to be happy with their newly planted
Palmetto is an excellent low-maintenance grass. It is a St. Augustine variety that, like Seville, features a
strong, dark-green color. It is suitable for in the shade, thriving in as little as two hours per day of
Palmetto will do better than Seville in the direct sunlight for years to come.
Want a low maintenance grass that is chinch bug resistant? Look no further than Captiva.
Characteristics of Captiva:
- Grows deep, strong roots
- Chinch bug resilient
- Creates a dense, short canopy like Seville and Palmetto
- Requires less cutting
- Shade tolerant option, requiring two hours of sunlight or more per day to thrive
It is unclear as to whether the Florida chinch bug will eventually make its way to this cultivar, but for now it
Get in touch to find out more about St. Augustine sod varieties.